Cambodia is one of the oldest states in the world, the first mention of this amazing country appeared thousands of years ago. In those days, all labor was manual, and now the country has not gone far ahead, much is still being done manually. Today I will tell you how silk is produced at one of the silk farms near the famous temple complex of Angkor Wat.
Let’s take a walk. This plantation grows food for moth larvae. Leaves are picked and delivered royally directly “to the table”.
Now let’s go visit the silkworm. All the buildings in which the larvae are grown are installed on piles, and the piles are surrounded by miniature ditches with water. This is necessary so that the bloodthirsty ants do not destroy all the offspring of the silkworm and do not ruin the silk business.
This life hack in Asia is often used in everyday life. For example, to prevent ants from climbing into the sugar bowl, you need to put it in a saucer with water. You need to use it until these bastards have learned to swim.
We go into the house. Here, in fact, the silkworm itself. Rather, these are silkworm caterpillars. Here they live, they are fed and protected here.
They are still very small, they are only about two weeks old. Really cute?
Could not resist, so as not to feed him.
Silkworm caterpillars eat a lot. The leaves that you see in the photo will be eaten in just a couple of hours.
Therefore, after about a week, the caterpillars increase several times, turn yellow and stop eating. Unique shot: the brothers found each other after they were separated at birth. Very touching moment.
After the caterpillars have stopped eating and turned yellow, they are moved to a spiral basket, which serves as a bush.
Here the caterpillars turn into silkworms. They begin to weave their cocoons.
It turns out here is such a beauty. The spiral shape of the basket allows you to distribute cocoons along the spiral, which facilitates their collection.
After the cocoons are ready, they are carried out in the sun, where the silkworms are roasted alive.
Look how beautiful! Very unusual and bright.
It was difficult for me to stop photographing them, and indeed they looked so appetizing that I wanted to eat a couple.
After the cocoons have dried, they are lowered into hot water, where the process of unwinding the threads begins. The silkworm weaves a cocoon with a continuous, thin, but very strong thread, which is why the silkworm itself is not treated very humanely. To get a larva without damaging the thread, you can only unravel the cocoon, and it is impossible to unravel it in cold water.
For weaving one thread, usually 10 to 15 cocoons are used.
Finished thread is manually wound on a wooden bobbin.
But progress has nevertheless come here; automatic machines are also used for winding here.
There are also manual devices for winding threads.
All this is manually configured, all threads are threaded into the desired grooves.
These are natural dyes. For the dyeing of threads, various plants, roots, fruits and flowers are used.
But in these boilers, the threads are dyed.
It turns out beautifully
It turns out that natural colors can also be bright.
Finished raw materials.
After the cocoons are unwound and the threads are collected, the rough raw materials are sent for processing, where the threads are manually cleaned from defects.
After cleaning, the threads are sent to a patterned color, if necessary. In special installations, the threads are stretched, wrapping them in the right places with polyethylene tape, which is removed from the sugar bags. Next, the threads are immersed in paint boilers.
Those places that were covered with plastic tape are not painted.
The result is such beautiful patterns.
So, we are already in the main workshop, where the threads are turned into silk fabrics of all kinds of colors.
The device of the loom is very difficult to understand, especially from the photograph. Longitudinal threads are pulled and distributed between the wooden levers that raise the necessary threads, and the machine worker passes the transverse thread under them, then with the other lever lifts the other threads and passes another thread under them.
I said that the device of the machine is very difficult to understand.
These are the very levers that are responsible for certain longitudinal threads.
This is one of the workshops. And where are the workers, you ask?
And the workers are having a break.
I will not even try to explain how this girl does this, but this process is fascinating.
Handsomely! Soon it will be someone else’s dress.
Finished fabric is cut into pieces.
All the fabric is created here manually, so there is a marriage. As a rule, nothing can be done in such cases, so the costs are deducted from the employee’s salary.
And let’s go to the showroom and look at the finished products.
Look what beautiful scarves!
The factory maintains a very high quality product.
Who knows in which countries these dresses will be worn.
But the bags are not so attractive. I would not buy.
Prices for the products of this silk farm, as well as the quality of the products themselves, are very high. The cost of simple scarves starts at $ 70. What you wanted is manual labor!
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